Canada has observed a record-low fertility rate the previous year. According to new Statistics Canada data, the total fertility rate in 2019 was 1.47 births per woman over the period of her conceptive life. Generally, Populations required at a birth rate of at least 2.1 births per woman, but Canada has not reached this benchmark since 1971. Therefore, the number of babies being born is not enough for the present population to replace itself.
Excluding Yukon, there were about 372,038 births in Canada last year. The ratio of baby boys as compared to the girls was a bit higher, i.e., about 51.3 per cent, which remains unchanged in the past years.
Hence, keeping the low fertility rate in consideration, Canada has announced significant Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023 that will see it now target over 400,000 new immigrant admissions every year.
Immigration is solely responsible for 78% to 79% of population growth in 2019
Owing to the ageing population and low birth rate, Canada relies heavily on immigration for population growth. Canada’s data agency, Statistics Canada or StatCan mentioned in a release, “International migration is the main driver of population growth in Canada, accounting for 81.9% of growth in 2019-2020. As a result, the travel ban on international borders and the subsequent decline in International immigration levels had the biggest impact on population growth in 2019-2020.”
Immigration alone has contributed for 81.9 percent of Canada’s population growth for the year that ended June 30 with the country admitting 284,387 immigrants, down from more than 300,000 for each of the past two years.
Without immigration, Canada cannot proceed to grow its population. According to the Conference Board of Canada, “immigrants will be responsible for 100 per cent of the national population growth by 2034.” In the initial months of 2020, immigration itself accounted for 82% of Canada’s population growth.